Prof. Dr. Georg Northoff

Georg Northoff (* 1963 in Hamburg) is a German physician and philosopher. He is considered a significant exponent of neurophilosophy.
Northoff studied in Hamburg, Essen, Bochum and New York. From 1996 he worked as a senior physician at the Psychiatric University Hospital Magdeburg. He habilitated in 1998 in medicine and in 1999 in philosophy and taught, among others, at the universities of Magdeburg and Harvard. Since 2009, he holds the especially for him created chair of mind, brain and neuroethics at the University of Ottawa. His research focuses are on functional imaging for the study of emotions, neurobiology, psychiatric disorders, mental analytic philosophy, neurophilosophy, neuropsychoanalysis and neuroethics.
Northoff uses a "relational" or "interactive" approach: Brain and mind are therefore not to be considered in isolation, but are always in an inner relationship (relation) to the body and the environment. He interprets the self and psychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia in terms of how the relationship between mind, body and environment is organized or changed. The basis of all mental activity of man - and thus the condition of the possibility of conscious experience - is not the personality or subjective identity, but a "self-related processing". Northoff understands this as the fundamental code, the way the brain relates all the stimuli to itself, to one's body, and one's own mind. [1] First, this self-related processing works purely neuronal, that is, as an automatic brain activity. Then progressively higher mental functions build on this: a physical, emotional and finally also mental (cognitive) self-living. The latter allows first the conscious perception and then the conscious reflection of the own self.
He tries conceptually and in his neuroscientific experiments, the "first-person perspective" (first-person perspective),to include the subjective experience of the subjects. Spiritual phenomena, including the self, are also always culturally shaped for him.

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Dr Martina Ardizzi

Department of Medicine & Surgery – Unit of Neuroscience; University of Parma, Parma, Italy


PhD in Neuroscience, University of Parma.

Title of the thesis: “The effects of repetitive traumatic experiences on emotions recognition, Facial Mimicry and Autonomic Regulation”, supervisor Prof. Vittorio Gallese.

Master’s degree in Neuropsychology and Life-long Functional Rehabilitation at Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna

Bachelor’s degree in Behavioral and Social relationships sciences at Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Campus of Cesena, School of Psychology.

School of Psychology.


Interoception and its functional role in healthy participants and clinical populations (i.e., schizophrenia, anorexia nervosa, PTSD)

The neurobiological bases of Bodily-Self and Self-other distinction among healthy population and along schizohrenia spectrum (i.e., schizotypy, full-blown schizophrenia patients)

Effects of childhood trauma on the neurophysiological bases of intersubjectivity

Neurophysiological bases of Aesthetic experience

Dr. Rebekka Reinhard

Dr. Rebekka Reinhard has earned her PhD from Free University Berlin with a work on contemporary American and continental philosophy ("summa cum laude"). 

She has worked as a philosophical counselor for individual clients as well as for in-patients suffering from depression at the clinic of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich and for oncological patients. Since 2007, she has been coaching and training managers and giving key note speeches for companies and global corporations. An editor at the German magazine HOHE LUFT, she’s also well-known for her essays and interviews with famous philosophers such as Judith Butler or Simon Blackburn. 

Rebekka Reinhard is the bestselling author of many books on philosophy, including „Die Sinn-Diät“, „Würde Platon Prada tragen?“ („Would Plato Wear Prada?“) and „Kleine Philosophie der Macht (nur für Frauen)“ („Small Philosophy of Power: for Women Only“)

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